by Seth Catanese
Time is on our side: When it comes to saving and investing, the biggest advantage millennials have is time. This allows for a much longer period of growth and wealth accumulation. The earlier you begin to save and invest, the greater your interest will compound. Compound interest is a powerful attribute of investing which results from earning interest on prior interest. Albert Einstein is often quoted as saying, “Compound interest is the eighth wonder of the world. He who understands it, earns it … he who doesn’t … pays it.”
It is at this point my friends often say, “Sounds good, but I have no extra money to save.” As millennials, we have a lot on our plates – student loans, high rent, credit card debt, and a higher cost of living. It seems nearly impossible to find a way to save! However, common employer benefits, tax-sheltered accounts, and new technologies have made it easier than ever to make saving a conscious habit. The most important part is to just get started.
Take advantage of employer-sponsored retirement plans: Many companies offer employer-sponsored retirement plans. 401(k)s and Roth 401(k)s are two examples. These plans often include an employer match up to a certain percentage of your contribution. Saving the maximum amount of matching available ensures you get the most out of your benefits and is a great financial habit to develop. In short, not taking advantage of an employer match is essentially throwing free money out the window. Also, if you ever leave the company you can take your plan with you to your new employer’s retirement plan or roll it over into an IRA.
Make small savings a habit: Start by tracking your monthly expenses (food, clothes, gas, etc.) and look for areas where you can cut back (premium coffees, lunch, Uber, etc.). You will still be making the same salary, but your expenses will have dropped. Then open a linked savings account and transfer the small amounts of money you were spending to this account. There are many apps to help with this concept of consistent, small savings. Most are free to download and will help you find areas to budget more efficiently and to automatically transfer savings to a separate account.
Open a tax-advantaged account: Once you have the habit of saving down, open a tax-advantageous savings account like a Roth IRA or Traditional IRA. A Roth IRA allows you to make after-tax contributions with the benefit of tax-free withdrawals after age 59 ½. A Traditional IRA allows you to receive tax deductions and tax-deferred growth until your retirement years. Both accounts offer many benefits and can be great vehicles for retirement saving.
This material is provided for general and educational purposes only, and is not legal, tax or investment advice. For each strategy or option mentioned, there are detailed tax rules that must be followed.